Summary

The North Carolina onAir Hub is managed by students supporting North Carolinians to become more informed about and engaged in local, state, and federal politics while facilitating more civil and positive discussions with their representatives, candidates, and fellow citizens.

  • North Carolina onAir is one of 50 state governance and elections hubs that the US onAir Network is providing to help reinvigorate US democracy.  This post has short summaries of current state and federal representatives with links to their complete Hub posts.  Students curate post content from government, campaign, social media, and public websites.  Key content on the North Carolina Hub is also replicated on the US onAir nations Hub at: us.onair.cc.
  • North Carolina students will be forming onAir chapters in their colleges and universities to help curate Hub content.  As more students participate and more onAir chapters are started, we will expand to include more state and local content as well as increase the number of aircasts – student-led, livestreamed, online discussions with candidates, representatives, and the public.

Find out more about Who Represents Me in North Carolina
Learn more about the US onAir Network

News

i
Latest North Carolina onAir News

The base content in each post in this North Carolina onAir Hub has been updated as of 12/20/23. In addition to the eight posts on the home page, in depth posts on each US House member and posts on North Carolina government and elections have been started. These posts have been shared with the US onAir Hub and will updated in the US onAir automatically when they are updated in this hub.

If your university or nonpartisan organization (such as a government focused research center, citizen engagement program or a League of Women Voters chapter) is interested in assisting the US onAir network to help curate new  issue posts or other posts on this Hub and moderate the forums in each post, contact Ben Murphy at Ben.Murphy@onair.cc.

We are also supporting college students to start an onAir chapter on the their campus to coordinate the curation and moderation of posts especially on state and local representatives and government.

About

Web Links

State Representatives

Governor Roy Cooper

Roy Cooper 1Current Position: Governor since 2017
Affiliation: Democrat
Former Positions: Attorney General from 2001 – 2017; State Senator from 1991 – 2001; US Representative from 1987 – 1991

While in law school, then-Governor Jim Hunt appointed Cooper to the State Goals and Policy Board, an advisory group that sought to achieve long- and short-range goals and policies for the state. Hunt also appointed Cooper to the Interim Balance Growth Board and the North Carolina 2000 Commission. In 1982, Cooper joined the law firm Fields, Cooper & Henderson in Nashville, North Carolina, the same firm his father had been a member o. Three years later, he was named a partner in the firm.[16]

Cooper served as the Rocky Mount and Nash County chairman of Lauch Faircloth’s unsuccessful 1984 gubernatorial campaign. He was a member of the Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce and UNC-Chapel Hill’s Board of Visitors.

Featured Quote: 
Business is thriving in North Carolina, and it’s not hard to see why — our talented workers, welcoming communities and nationally-ranked universities and community colleges continue bringing more companies to our great state.

OnAir Post: Roy Cooper – NC

US Representatives

Senator Thom Tillis

Thom Tillis 2Current Position: US Senator since 2015
Affiliation: Republican
Former Positions: US Representative from 2007 – 2015; Accounting consultant from 1986 – 2007

Tillis served in the North Carolina House of Representatives from 2007 to 2015, and as its speaker from 2011 to 2015. In the Senate, Tillis has sought to repeal the Affordable Care Act, proposed a 15-year pathway to citizenship for some undocumented youth as a more conservative alternative to the bipartisan DREAM Act, and voted for the Bipartisan Safer Communities Act.

In 1990, he was recruited to work for accounting and consulting firm Price Waterhouse. In 1996, Tillis was promoted to partner.

Featured Quote: 
Today, I joined my colleagues to talk about the Democrats’ reckless tax and spending spree and the consequences of the rising costs facing Americans.

OnAir Post: Thom Tillis – NC

Senator Ted Budd

Ted Budd 1Current Position: US Representative of District 13 since 2017
Affiliation: Republican
Former Position: Farmer and gun store owner from 1996 – 2017

Senator Budd serves on the Senate Armed Services Committee; the Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee; the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee; and the Senate Small Business and Entrepreneurship Committee.

Budd owns a gun store in Rural Hall, North Carolina. The father of home-schooled children, he also served as a board member for North Carolinians for Home Education.

OnAir Post: Ted Budd – NC

Don Davis NC-01

Current Position: State Senator of District 5
Affiliation: Democrat
District:   many rural areas of northeastern North Carolina, among the state’s most economically poor, as well as outer exurbs of urbanized Research Triangle. It contains towns and cities such as Greenville, Rocky Mount, Wilson, Goldsboro, Henderson, and Roanoke Rapids.
Upcoming Election:

Elected mayor of Snow Hill in 2001, Davis also chaired North Carolina’s 1st congressional district Democratic Party. He represented the 5th district in the North Carolina Senate from 2013 to 2023. Davis was first elected to the post in 2008, representing Pitt, Wayne, and Greene counties. He was defeated for reelection in 2010, but ran and won a Senate seat for the newly redrawn 5th district in the 2012 election.

Deborah Ross NC-02

Deborah K. Ross 1Current Position: US Representative of NC 2nd District since 2021
Affiliation: Democrat
Former Position: Lawyer from 1990 – 2013
District:  The district contains most of Wake County. Prior to court-mandated redistricting in 2019, it also included northern Johnston County, southern Nash County, far western Wilson County, and all of Franklin and Harnett counties.
Upcoming Election:

Ross was the Democratic nominee in the 2016 U.S. Senate election in North Carolina, unsuccessfully challenging Republican incumbent Richard Burr in the general election.

Ross worked for Raleigh-based Hunton & Williams as a tax litigator and municipal bond lawyer. She taught at Duke Law School as a senior lecturing fellow.

Featured Quote: 
Republicans want to pick their voters rather than have voters pick their politicians. Honored to join @TheRevAl
to discuss how we can combat GOP-led voter suppression efforts in legislatures across America. We must use every tool at our disposal to protect the right to vote.

OnAir Post: Deborah Ross NC-02

Greg Murphy NC-03

Greg Murphy 2Current Position: US Representative of NC 3rd District since 2020
Affiliation: Republican
Former Positions: State Delegate from 2015 – 2019; Surgeon from 1991 – 2019
Other Positions:  Higher Education and Workforce Investment Subcommittee – Education & Labor Committee
District: Atlantic coast of North Carolina. It covers the Outer Banks and the counties adjacent to the Pamlico Sound.
Upcoming Election:

After completing his residency in urology and renal transplantation at the University of Kentucky, Murphy and his wife settled in Greenville, North Carolina, where he began his medical practice. Murphy has traveled as a medical missionary.

He was a member of the faculty at the Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University and served as Davidson College Alumni President from 2015 to 2017 while also serving on the board of trustees.

Featured Quote: 
After throwing out the first pitch at the @mhcmarlins game tonight, I was proud to honor @USMC veteran Sergeant Andrew Anthony with a certificate of congressional recognition for his exceptional valor and service. Words cannot express our gratitude.

OnAir Post: Greg Murphy NC-03

Valerie Foushee NC-04

Valerie Foushee NC-04 1Current Position: US Representative for District 4 from 2023
Affiliation: Democrat
Former Positions: North Carolina Senate 23rd district from 2013 to 2023; North Carolina House of Representatives 50th district from 2013 to 2013
District: central region of the state. The district includes all of Alamance County, Durham County, Granville County, Orange County, and Person County, as well as a portion of Caswell County.
Upcoming Election:

Valerie worked as an administrator for the Chapel Hill police department and served 25 years as a local and state elected official. She went from serving on the Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools Board, to being the first African American woman elected to chair the Orange County Board of Commissioners, to serving in the North Carolina State House and the North Carolina State Senate.

OnAir Post: Valerie Foushee NC-04

Virginia Foxx NC-05

Virginia Foxx 1Current Position: US Representative of NC 5th District since 2005
Affiliation: Republican
Former Position: State Senator from 1995 – 2005
Other Positions:  House Committee on Education and Labor
District:
Upcoming Election:

Foxx served as Secretary of the House Republican Conference from 2013 to 2017.[3] She was the ranking member of the House Committee on Education and Labor from 2019 to 2023, and served as the committee’s chair from 2017 to 2019 and since 2023.

Foxx and her husband owned and operated a nursery and landscaping business. Foxx worked as a research assistant and then an English instructor at Caldwell Community College & Technical Institute and Appalachian State University before moving into university administration.

Featured Quote: 
LIFE is the fundamental component to both liberty and the pursuit of happiness. It’s quite clear that Speaker Pelosi fails to recognize that. Absolutely shameful!

OnAir Post: Virginia Foxx NC-05

Kathy Manning. NC-06

Kathy ManningCurrent Position: US Representative of NC 6th District since 2021
Affiliation: Democrat
District:  was shifted into the central Triad region and contains all of Guilford County and a portion of Forsyth County. The cities of Greensboro, Winston-Salem, and High Point are located in the district.
Upcoming Election:

She was the first woman to serve as board chair of the Jewish Federations of North America, from 2009 to 2012. She also was the founding board chair of Prizmah: Center for Jewish Day Schools in New York.

She is a partner at the law firm of Manning and Associates, Professional Limited Liability Company, 2004-present

Featured Quote: 
Today is my 100th day as your Congresswoman! Here in #NC06 my team and I have been hard at work for you. If you need assistance with a federal agency, please call my office at (336) 333-5005. For more updates, sign up for my newsletter at http://manning.house.gov

OnAir Post: Kathy Manning NC-06

David Rouzer NC-07

David Rouzer 2Current Position: US Representative of NC District 7 since 2015
Affiliation: Republican
Former Position: State Senator from 2009 – 2013
District:
Upcoming Election:

Rouzer has been a small business owner of The Rouzer Company and the Warehouse Distribution. From 2001 to 2002, he was assistant to the dean at the North Carolina State University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. From 2005 to 2006, he was an associate-rural administrator for the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

From 1996 to 2001, Rouzer was a legislative aide and Senior Policy Adviser for U.S. Senators Jesse Helms and Elizabeth Dole. In 2000, he ran for North Carolina Commissioner of Agriculture and lost the Republican primary.

Featured Quote: 
Not long ago, President Biden supported the Hyde Amendment. But now, Democrats want to eliminate it. We must protect this long-standing, bipartisan policy that has saved nearly 2.5 million lives and stops taxpayer money from being used to fund abortion. #HydeSavesLives

OnAir Post: David Rouzer NC-07

Dan Bishop NC-08

Dan Bishop 1Current Position: US Representative of NC District 9 since 2020
Affiliation: Republican
Former Positions: State Senator from 2017 – 2019; State Delegate from 2015 – 2017
District:   large portion of the southern Piedmont area of North Carolina from Concord to Spring Lake, including China Grove, Albemarle, Troy, and Raeford
Upcoming Election:  Running for attorney general in 2024

Bishop was the lead author of North Carolina’s Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act, commonly called the bathroom bill, which prohibited transgender people from using public restrooms other than those of their biological sex as defined on their birth certificates.

Featured Quote: 
Can you imagine @SpeakerPelosi’s reaction if Donald Trump had sent a letter like this? Pelosi is out of her damn mind if she thinks the Capitol Police are her own private army.

OnAir Post: Dan Bishop NC-08

Richard Hudson NC-09

Richard Hudson 1Current Position: US Representative of NC 9th District since 2013
Affiliation: Republican
Former Position: Congressional staffer from 1999 – 2011
District:   Union, Chatham, Anson, Richmond, Scotland, and Robeson counties; a southeast portion of Mecklenburg County; and parts of Cumberland, Moore and Bladen counties.
Upcoming Election:

Hudson served as district director for 8th District Congressman Robin Hayes from 1999 to 2005. At various times, he served on the staffs of Republicans Virginia Foxx, John Carter and Mike Conaway. He also served as communications director for the North Carolina Republican Party in the mid-1990s. In 1996 he worked on Richard Vinroot’s campaign for governor, and in 2008 as campaign manager for Pat McCrory’s run for governor. Hudson was the president of Cabarrus Marketing Group, a small business consulting and marketing company he started in 2011.

Featured Quote: 
140 Members & I are calling on the ATF to withdraw its rule on stabilizing braces. This rule jeopardizes #2A rights of law-abiding gun owners & disabled veterans across the country, and could make millions of citizens felons overnight.

OnAir Post: Richard Hudson NC-09

Patrick McHenry NC-10

Patrick McHenry 1Current Position: US Representative of NC District 10 since 2005
Affiliation: Republican
Former Position: State Delegate from 2003 – 2004
District:  central and western North Carolina. It currently includes all of Cleveland, Gaston, Lincoln, Polk, and Rutherford counties, and part of Catawba, Iredell, and Buncombe counties.
Upcoming Election:

McHenry served as a House Republican chief deputy whip from 2014 to 2019 and ranking member of the House Financial Services Committee from 2019 to 2023, of which he is now chair. McHenry acted as Speaker pro tempore of the House for 22 days, from October 3, 2023, to October 25, 2023, following the removal of Kevin McCarthy via a motion to vacate.

Featured Quote: 
Today I joined Whip @SteveScalise, @RepJamesComer, and @RepBlainein a letter calling out @SecYellen
for failing to appear before Congress to answer important questions about pandemic relief. Click here to read the letter.

OnAir Post: Patrick McHenry NC-10

Chuck Edwards NC-11

Chuck Edwards NC-11 1Current Position: US Representative of NC District 10 since 2005
Affiliation: Republican
Former Position: Represented the 48th district in the North Carolina Senate from 2016 to 2023
District:   western part of Rutherford County and the entirety of Avery, Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, Polk, Swain, Transylvania, and Yancey Counties includes all of Asheville
Upcoming Election:

Edwards joined McDonald’s in 1989, working as an operations manager until 1991, senior business consultant from 1991 to 1996, and development coordinator from 1996 to 1998. He also worked as the vice president of Henderson County Partners for Economic Progress. In 2013, he became a director of Entegra Financial Corporation. In 2020, Entegra merged with First Citizens Bank.

OnAir Post: Chuck Edwards NC-11

Alma Adams NC-12

Alma Adams 1Current Position: US Representative of District 12 since 2015
Affiliation: Democrat
Former Position: State Delegate from 1994 – 2013
District:  northern and eastern portions of Charlotte as well as surrounding areas in Mecklenburg County and Cabarrus County
Upcoming Election:

A college administrator and art professor from Greensboro, Adams is known for her many distinctive hats (she claims to own 900). She won the 2014 special election in North Carolina’s 12th congressional district to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Mel Watt, becoming the 100th woman serving in the 113th Congress.

She received her Ph.D. in art education/multicultural education from Ohio State University in 1981

Other Positions:  
Vice Chair, Subcommittee on Nutrition, Oversight, and Department Operations – Committee on Agriculture
Chair, Subcommittee on Workforce Protections – Committee on Education and Labor

Featured Quote: 
#12YearChallenge The last time Congress increased the federal minimum wage, I was a North Carolina state representative who had just passed an increase in our state minimum wage. I also had fewer hats. Needless to say, 12 years is too long. It’s time to #RaiseTheWage!

OnAir Post: Alma Adams NC-12

Wiley Nickel NC-13

Wiley Nickel NC-13Current Position: 2023 US Representative for District 13
Affiliation: Democrat
District:   a new map in which the 13th district included Johnston County and parts of Harnett, Wake, and Wayne Counties in the Raleigh area.
Upcoming Election:

Nickel worked for Vice President Al Gore from 1996 to 2001 as a member of his national advance staff. He is also a member of Gore’s Climate Reality Leadership Corps.

Nickel later worked on Barack Obama’s 2008 presidential campaign and served on the White House national advance staff from 2008 until 2012. He is a member of the Obama Alumni Association and was part of Obama’s first wave of political endorsements in 2018. Obama endorsed six candidates in North Carolina, including Nickel, in August 2018.

OnAir Post: Wiley Nickel NC-13

Jeff Jackson NC-14

Current Position: US Representative of District 14 since 2023
Affiliation: Democrat
Former Position: Attorney and Military Officer; North Carolina Senate from the 37th district- 2014 to 2023
District:   covers the southern half of Mecklenburg County and three-fourths of Gaston County. It includes most of Charlotte, as well as Gastonia, Mount Holly, and Belmont.
Upcoming Election: Running for Attorney General

In 2002, Jackson commissioned in the United States Army Reserve and served in the Kandahar Province during the War in Afghanistan. He now serves in the Judge Advocate General’s Corps with the Army National Guard. In October 2023, he announced his candidacy for North Carolina after the North Carolina Legislature redrew the state’s congressional districts.

OnAir Post: Jeff Jackson NC-14

More Information

Wikipedia


The government of North Carolina is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. These consist of the Council of State (led by the Governor), the bicameral legislature (called the General Assembly), and the state court system (headed by the North Carolina Supreme Court). The Constitution of North Carolina delineates the structure and function of the state government.[1][2][3]

Executive branch

North Carolina‘s executive branch is governed by Article III of the state constitution. The first North Carolina Constitution in 1776 called for a governor and a seven member Council of State elected by the legislature. Currently, the ten-member Council of State of North Carolina includes the following members elected by voters:[1][2][3][4][5][6]

The Council of State as a collective body is accorded little responsibility by the state constitution, though some statues grant it authority in certain cases, particularly in the acquisition of property by the state.[7]

The Department of Agriculture Building in Raleigh

The nine North Carolina Cabinet departments, headed by department secretaries, plus the Department of Administration, are appointed by the Governor are as follows:[4]

The North Carolina Register includes information about state agency rules, administrative rules, executive orders and other notices, and is published bimonthly.[9][10] The North Carolina Administrative Code (NCAC) contains all the codified rules.[9]

Legislative branch

The North Carolina State Legislative Building in Raleigh

The legislature derives its authority from Article II of the North Carolina Constitution.[3] The North Carolina General Assembly is the state legislature. Like all other states except for Nebraska, the legislature is bicameral, currently consisting of the 120-member North Carolina House of Representatives[11] and the 50-member North Carolina Senate. The lieutenant governor is the ex officio president of the state Senate. The Senate also elects its own president pro tempore and the House elects its speaker. Its session laws are published in the official North Carolina Session Laws and codified as the North Carolina General Statutes.[9][12][13]

Judiciary

The Law and Justice Building, which houses the Supreme Court

North Carolina’s current judicial system was created in the 1960s after significant consolidation and reform.[14] The judicial system derives its authority from Article IV of the North Carolina Constitution.[15] The state court system is unified into one General Court of Justice.[16] The General Court is composed of a District Court Division, a Superior Court Division, and an Appellate Division.[17] The Administrative Office of the Courts oversees all clerical and financial aspects of the state judicial system.[16]

At the helm of the General Court of Justice and one of the two components of the Appellate Division is the Supreme Court of North Carolina.[18] The Supreme Court consists of one chief justice and six associate justices, all popularly-elected to serve eight-year terms.[19] The primary function of the tribunal is to decide questions of law that have arisen in the lower courts and before state administrative agencies,[20] and its docket is typically dominated by cases concerning interpretation of the constitution, major legal questions, and appeals of criminal cases involving capital punishment.[15] The North Carolina Court of Appeals is the state’s intermediate appellate court and consists of fifteen judges who rule in rotating panels of three. Together, the Supreme Court and Court of Appeals constitute the appellate division of the court system.

The trial division includes the Superior Court and the District Court. The Superior Court is the state trial court of general jurisdiction; all felony criminal cases, civil cases involving an amount in controversy in excess of $25,000, and appeals from the District Court are tried (de novo review) in Superior Court. A jury of 12 hears the criminal cases.

The District Court is a court of limited jurisdiction. It has original jurisdiction over family law matters (divorce, child custody, child support); civil claims involving less than $25,000; criminal cases involving misdemeanors and lesser infractions; and juvenile cases involving children under the age of 16 who are delinquent and children under the age of 18 who are undisciplined, dependent, neglected, or abused. Magistrates of the District Court may accept guilty pleas for minor misdemeanors, accept guilty pleas for traffic violations, and accept waivers of trial for worthless check and other charges. In civil cases, the magistrate is authorized to try small claims involving up to $10,000 including landlord-tenant and eviction cases. Magistrates also perform civil marriages. District Court only conducts bench trials, with no jury.

Local government

Municipal Building in Asheboro, North Carolina

Overview

The General Assembly’s authority to create local governments comes from Article VII of the Constitution of North Carolina.[21] Local governments in North Carolina primarily consist of counties, cities, and towns.[22] The state makes no legal distinction between a town and a city.[23] North Carolina has 100 counties and more than 552 municipalities.[24] There are also special purpose governments, most of which concern either soil and water conservation or housing and community development.[25] Some local governments are joined in regional councils with others to improve coordination and cooperation.[26]

Counties

All counties in the state are led by an elected board of commissioners who employ a county manager.[27] Boards of commissioners vary in size from three to 11 members. In addition to the manager, the commissioners usually hire the county’s clerk, attorney, assessor, and tax collector. Unlike in municipal council-manager governments in the state, the board of commissioners usually must approve all of the manager’s hiring decisions unless they explicitly delegate sole hiring authority to the manager.[28] County government in North Carolina is also more fractured than municipal government, due to the presence of other elected officials such as sheriffs and registers of deeds, who have control over their own staff.[29] The office of county sheriff is established by the constitution, and sheriffs are not subject to the oversight of the state government.[30] County government is largely funded through local property taxes.[31]

County governments in North Carolina include the following officials:[22]

Municipalities

North Carolina is a Dillon’s rule state,[32] and municipalities are only able to exercise the authority that the General Assembly or state constitution explicitly gives them.[24] All municipalities in North Carolina operate under either mayor-council governments or council-manager government,[24] with most using the latter.[23] All have an elected general governing board known variously as a city or town council, the board of commissioners or the board of aldermen.[24] Some of these municipalities have mayors, who preside over the elected city council, which determines local government policy and creates the city budget. Most mayors are popularly elected and do not typically vote in council meetings. The council hires the city manager and, depending on the municipality, may directly hire a few other officials, such as the city attorney. In cities with a manager, the manager acts as the head executive officer of the city and is responsible for municipal employees and implementing policy.[33] Smaller municipalities are more likely to not employ a manager.[34]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b “North Carolina Constitution of 1776”. Yale Law School. 1776. Retrieved September 4, 2019.
  2. ^ a b “The 1868 constitution”. Learn NC. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c “Constitution of North Carolina, 1971”. North Carolina General Assembly.
  4. ^ a b “Executive Branch”. NCPedia.org. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  5. ^ Marshall, Ellaine F. (2001). North Carolina Manual. North Carolina Secretary of State.
  6. ^ “Article III of the North Carolina State Constitution of 1971”. 1971. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  7. ^ Orth, John V. (2006). “Council of State”. NCPedia. North Carolina Government & Heritage Library. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  8. ^ “NC Governor Roy Cooper”. governor.nc.gov. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  9. ^ a b c “N.C. State Statutes, County and Municipal Ordinances”. University of North Carolina Kathrine R. Everett Law Library. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
  10. ^ “North Carolina Register”. www.oah.nc.gov. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
  11. ^ called the House of Commons until 1868 when it was change in the North Carolina Constitution
  12. ^ “North Carolina Government”. NC.GOV. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  13. ^ “Session Laws”. ncgovdocs.org. Archived from the original on December 6, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
  14. ^ Fleer 1994, p. 132.
  15. ^ a b “Judicial Branch”. nc.gov. The State of North Carolina. Retrieved March 24, 2023.
  16. ^ a b Williams, Wiley J. (2006). “Judiciary, State”. NCPedia. North Carolina Government & Heritage Library. Retrieved May 24, 2023.
  17. ^ Orth & Newby 2013, p. 128.
  18. ^ Orth & Newby 2013, pp. 130, 133.
  19. ^ Orth & Newby 2013, p. 130, 138.
  20. ^ Brinkley, Martin H. “Supreme Court of North Carolina: A Brief History”. North Carolina Administrative Office of the Courts. Archived from the original on March 21, 2008. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
  21. ^ Orth & Newby 2013, pp. 169–170.
  22. ^ a b Whittaker, Gordon (June 2012). Local Government in North Carolina (PDF) (4th ed.). Chapel Hill: UNC School of Government and the North Carolina City and County Management Association. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  23. ^ a b Stick, David (2006). “Towns and Cities”. NCPedia. North Carolina Government & Heritage Library. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  24. ^ a b c d “How NC Cities Work”. North Carolina League of Municipalities. Retrieved September 22, 2023.
  25. ^ Cooper & Knotts 2012, pp. 214–215.
  26. ^ Cooper & Knotts 2012, p. 215.
  27. ^ Cooper & Knotts 2012, pp. 209, 213.
  28. ^ Cooper & Knotts 2012, p. 213.
  29. ^ Cooper & Knotts 2012, pp. 213–214.
  30. ^ Orth & Newby 2013, p. 170.
  31. ^ Nagem, Sarah (July 7, 2022). “Scotland County lowers property tax rate, but it’s still the highest in North Carolina”. Border Belt Independent. Retrieved July 20, 2022.
  32. ^ Cooper & Knotts 2012, p. 216.
  33. ^ Cooper & Knotts 2012, pp. 209, 211–212.
  34. ^ Cooper & Knotts 2012, p. 209.

Works cited

External links